Engineering Projects and 3D Views

Terrain modelling with trillions of points (LIDAR, echo sounder multibeam, DSM, GDEM...). Terrain modeling based on Google Maps elevation data. Project export to Google Earth. Analytical, graphical and interactive editing of gradients. Cross section template editor. Slopes with varying slope and berm by stratum of the terrain. Terrain strata with thickness and dip. Assignments, along a path, of superelevations, overwidenings, terrain type, topsoil layer, replacement ditches... Terrain model generation based on the projected work with one clic. Earthworks by cross section layers, with topsoil, replacement ditches, types of terrain... Monthly earthwork between previous and actual terrain models. 3D views, static and dinamic, with textures, lighting, 3DS objects... Orthophotos and other images draped over the terrain model in 3D views. Autohiding of the terrain model affected by the project in 3D views. Direct video recording of dinamic 3D views in Full HD.

Module 3 - Feature Summary:

Click the arrow to expand / collapse each section, or select the following options:


Models with million points (in CARTOMAP UNLIMITED)

  • Regular mesh models: Now all these functionality is being transferred to CARTOMAP BIG DATA with a processing capacity of trillion points and enhanced algorithms. This terrain model generates a mesh of high density clouds and high precision that can come from various sources, which include:
    • LIDAR binary and ascii: Data from regular grids generated by flight systems unmanned (drones ..) are incorporated.
    • Echo sounder multibeam: For bathymetry with accurate models made of millions of points.
    • Google Maps: Models can be generated with up to 25,000 points, expandable if you have a business account of Google Maps.
  • Composite models: A terrain model can be formed by the union of several models of regular mesh covering large areas with high accuracy.

Export to Google Earth

  • KML export: Current CRS is transformed to WGS84 and projected work is exported. Options for the terrain mesh and information on singular points of the track are available.

Vertical Alignment editor, analytical, graphical and interactive

  • Analytical editor: It is a table editor with a graphical preview of the result according to the data that can be edited in various ways.
  • Graphical editor: You can add, modify and delete sections graphically specific CAD tools.
  • Interactive editor: From the longitudinal profile view you can select a section of the vertical alignment and edit at will with consequent automatic adjustment of the neighboring sections. You can lock any values that you do not want to change.
  • Drag & Drop: You can select a vertical alignment from a 2D drawing (eg, from a project in DXF) and drag it to the desired grade. CARTOMAP makes an intelligent interpretation of the polylines, gaps and jumps (markers, different plans...) to generate a vertical alignment with straight and curved agreement without polylines, with absolute precision.
  • Import and export: You can import and export any vertical alignment in different ASCII formats and LandXML.

Cross section Template editor

  • Template editor: You can define sections at various levels, with areas driveway, cut and fill, with associative geometry with other sections and even with cartography, covering several grades... Each section can have superelevation and widening variables as tables and/or individually. You can also assign slopes and berms according to the types of terrain.
  • Transition: Various templates can be assigned along a path and CARTOMAP makes a smooth transition therebetween.
  • Graphical editor: You can change the QUADs generated by the project with a series of interactive CAD tools.
  • Import and export: Templates can be imported in ASCII format and from/to other CARTOMAP projects.

Types of terrain

  • Definition of strata: You can define various strata with depth and dip angle.
  • Volume Calculation: You can differentiate the earthwork produced for each of the types of terrain.
  • Variable slopes: You can generate variable-angle slopes and berms according to the depth for each type of terrain.
  • Import: Geological surveys can be imported in ASCII format.

Assignments of superelevations, overwidenings, terrain type, topsoil layer, replacement ditches...

You can assign various properties along a path, CARTOMAP makes the transition of variable geometry with these properties.
  • Topsoil layer: Differentiated depth in cut and fill areas. With variable slopes for stability. Differentiated in replacement ditch area and elsewhere. With a report indicating the affected area for stake-out.
  • Superelevations and Overwidenings: Can be automatically generated by tables depending on the speed and radius of curvature. Also can be generated and edited manually.
  • Types of terrain: Strata can be defined, from which CARTOMAP uses variable cut slopes according to the type of terrain, differentiates the earthwork, and applies swelling factors and compaction factors.
  • Replacement ditches: You can define replacement ditches to improve the existing ground before implementing the project. Earthwork in replacement area is differentiated from the rest, also the topsoil layer in the area differs.

Model of the projected work (QUADs)

CARTOMAP generates a surface with multiple levels using QUADs formed by connecting each section of the template on a KP (Kilometer Point) with its equivalent in the next KP.
  • Accuracy: The quads are not necessarily flat surfaces, because they are formed by 4 points, which perfectly reflect the projected work. The user can choose the distribution along the path and can improve accuracy in curves of small radius.
  • Edition: It has several CAD tools to modify the quads calculated that can be used in the plan view and cross sections. CARTOMAP remember edits if quads are recalculated.
  • Modified Altimetry: You can specify that the terrain model within the proposed work take the height of a given level of the projected work. Thus you can obtain contour lines, modified profiles or even project another work over the finished one.
  • Aditional data: You can obtain representations of the slope at each QUAD showing a series of arrows representing the course of water fall over the project.
  • Information and reports: YYou can obtain information punctual, linear, 2D surface and 3D surface from any of the areas of the projected work. An extensive report with all these measurements is available.

Volume calculation by cross section levels, by topsoil layer, by replacement ditches, by types of terrain...

  • By cross section levels: You can calculate volumes between any level, between the lower level and substrates, the lower bound level or higher bound level, etc.
  • By topsoil layer: Differentiating the replacement ditches area and the rest, the normal area.
  • By replacement ditches: The cut earthwork in replacement ditches to improve the existing ground before implementing the project
  • By types of terrain: Considering the thickness and dips, and applying compaction and swelling factors.

Volume calculation by monthly certification level

  • Monthly certification level: The area modified by the work in progress is measured and the earthwork regarding a previous situation is calculated. You can compare by transverse profiles or by self-adaptive mesh.
  • Projected work completed: You can measure the current work area and obtain the earthwork within the project, regardless of excavation or filling excesses.

Views 3D static and dynamic, texturized, with lighting, 3DS objects...

  • 3D static views: You can specify the position of the camera and the target point. You can move the mouse at will with various options.
  • 3D dynamic views: You can specify a path (with an offset along and across it) for the camera and the same, or other, for the target point. This way you can simulate the driver experience or, for example, do an aerial view.
  • Textures: High resolution textures and multiple overlapped textures for more photorealistic results can be defined. They apply to sections of the template, the model of the terrain, etc.
  • Lighting: You can specify the color, power, position and direction of the light sources.
  • 3DS objects: 3DS objects can be imported with its materials, textures and transparencies that can be incorporated to a 3D view on a point, on a path or within a surface.

3D Draping - Orthophotos and other images projected on the ground in 3D views

Orthophotos and images placed on the 2D view are projected onto the ground in the 3D view making a realistic background on which the projected work is drawn.

Autohiding of the terrain affected by the project

With a click, you can hide the terrain in the area of the project to avoid covering areas of cut earthwork. There is a fast criterion for real-time updates, and other Necessary for generating high resolution images and videos.

Direct recording of videos of 3D animated views

Videos into various formats (DivX, AVI, MPEG ...) and sizes (HD, Full HD, 4K ...), depending on the installed video encoders, are recorded. It is important to note that higher resolution will require more powerful equipment (CPU, disk and graphics card).